Sen. Tom Carper and Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester, both D-Delaware, joined Sen. Amy Klobuchar, D-Minnesota, and Rep. Brad Schneider, D-Illinois, along with colleagues in both the House and the Senate on April 6, to write to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services urging the administration to resume premium processing for physicians seeking employment-based visas.

Doctors on these visas increase access to health care, especially rural areas, through the Conrad 30 program, which allows foreign medical school graduates who have been trained in the U.S. to stay in the country as long as they serve underserved areas. On March 20, USCIS announced its suspension of premium processing due to the coronavirus pandemic.

“On March 20, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced the immediate and temporary suspension of premium processing for all Form I-129 and I-140 petitions due to the coronavirus pandemic,” the members wrote. “We are deeply concerned that this suspension will exacerbate physician shortages, particularly in rural areas, and at the leading academic and research organizations that depend on health care provided by physicians who graduated from foreign medical schools.”

“This processing freeze will undoubtedly prevent these physicians from practicing in underserved areas, and at providers of high-complexity care, leaving hospitals in these areas more shortly staffed than before this national health crisis began,” the members continued. “We ask that you follow your past practice and continue to offer premium processing for physicians seeking employment-based visas — including for resident physicians serving in teaching hospitals — in order to help ensure that rural and underserved areas can continue to receive quality and continuity of care in this time of extraordinary need.”

Currently, many doctors from other countries training in the U.S. are required to return to their home country for two years after their training has ended before they can apply for another visa or green card. The Conrad 30 program allows doctors to stay in the U.S. without having to return home if they agree to practice in an underserved area for three years. The “30” refers to the number of doctors per state that can participate in the program.

In March 2019, Klobuchar and Sens. Susan Collins, R-Maine, and Jacky Rosen, D-Nevada, introduced legislation to extend the Conrad 30 program until 2021, which would improve the process for obtaining a visa, and allow for the program to be expanded beyond 30 slots if certain thresholds are met, while protecting small states’ slots. The Conrad State 30 & Physician Access Act also allows the spouses of doctors to work and provides worker protections to prevent the doctors from being mistreated. A version of the bill was included as an amendment in the comprehensive immigration bill that passed the Senate in 2013. The legislation has received the endorsement of the American Medical Association, the American Hospital Association and the Association of American Medical Colleges.

Full text of the letter is available at bit.ly/2UTm1En.